Gynecomastia is a common condition in males which causes an increase in breast tissues. It is commonly seen in males of every age group, but mostly during puberty or older adulthood. To be precise, many things can cause the swelling of the breast tissues, of which the common one is the imbalance of various hormones. Generally, this condition can improve naturally without treatment, but if someone feels self-conscious, they can opt for breast reduction surgery. 


Causes of Gynecomastia


Gynecomastia can be caused by the imbalance of two hormones, out of which one is testosterone, and the other is estrogen, both of which are sex hormones. Estrogen is the root cause of the enlargement of the breast tissue, while testosterone is responsible for stopping estrogen. It is commonly seen that testosterone is dominant in males and estrogen is dominant in females. 

Gynecomastia is common in newborn babies as they are still developing due to the imbalance of hormones. One thing to note is that in these cases, the Gynecomastia gets resolved independently without any surgery. Swollen breasts are also very common in older men. This is because older men produce less testosterone and more fat than younger men. This is why it can increase the estrogen level and lead to swollen breasts. 

Apart from the causes mentioned above, Gynecomastia can also be caused due to the usage or intake of several products as well as medications such as-

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